That means that once you have the footings in place you need to install posts - which will support the beams - that in turn support the joists – that support the decking – and eventually you, your family and friends. Mar 17, 2017 - A safe, long-lasting deck needs proper footings and solid framing. In many cases, any deck over 18 inches requires a railing and stairs to meet code, so either keep your deck low or plan to construct a railing and stairs. Deck post sizes - 40 psf Live, 10 psf Dead: Height (ft) Load Area (sq. Remember to follow local code for deck posts. But let’s first explain what the numbers in the chart actually mean, because it can be a bit confusing. Click to enlarge. Ground-level decks typically do not require a railing around the perimeter, and they may not require a permit. How to set posts to build a pole barn all by yourself. 1. If you chose We are building a pergola over a new 12×16 deck platform. It will essentially be the height of the deck block plus the joists/deck boards. Local Building Codes. 3 Jawaban. Six x six posts allow you to create a notch so the beams rest on a wood ledge. Pricing varies from retailer to retailer, and region to region. Another very common deck is a raised deck with steps. to determine incremental differences. thanks Jawaban Favorit. Most likely no is the answer here. They don’t need to be level with each other but should be level with the ground, so shovel the ground as needed. Deck Post Base Drawings and Construction Blueprint. Click to enlarge => Click here for the PDF version. A standard deck will need four footings parallel to the house, but they will need to be temporarily braced by 6 inch-by-6 inch posts. Click to enlarge. Large 12x20 Storage Shed Plan Library - Many styles to choose from FREE - How To Build A Shed eBook included with every shed plans purchase. The size of the deck directly affects the spacing of the support posts. Click to enlarge . This helps to prevent wooden posts from rotting. So build your deck the right way, from I am looking to install privacy screens on my concrete patio. Build a deck that will last for years to come by properly installing deck posts. Lv 7. ERECT THE POSTS AND BEAMS Establish where to position the posts by squaring to the house wall. Depending on how high the deck sits from the ground, you’ll likely need the rail to be at least 3-feet high. If you are not using 2X6X12 just go back … The deck in question sits only several feet off the ground. There are two approaches to designing a deck and selecting the right-size components, such as correctly sized deck posts. In many areas, a ground-level deck is defined as one that has a maximum height of 30-inches above the ground and is not attached to the house. Ground-level decks typically do not require a railing around the perimeter, and they may not require a permit. Click to enlarge. In this example, 28 sf falls under the 36. So it is Deck post size is important. Apr 18, 2018 - Explore Abe Figueroa's board "Deck footings" on Pinterest. If you are planning on installing a hot tub or porch on top of your deck, you will usually need more footings and posts to support the additional loads. 12x20 storage shed plans. Jawaban Simpan. So build your deck the right way, from the ground and posts up. A Substructure is the Foundation of Any Deck It's everything you need below the surface—joists, posts, beams and support. Deck Stairs Design Blueprint and Drawings. Deck screw piles Our free online application recalculates the engineering of the patio’s piles at each click and every change made to your project. If your deck is slightly out of square (different widths), calculate results for both widths, and set out each end to suit. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. ( ie...just at ground level, whereby you can spike your 4x6s to it with a piece of 1/2 inch rebar....or you could raise the posts off the ground, and bolt 2x10s or 2x12s to the posts a la deck framing style) If you go with a pier/post foundation, you would still need joists to span across the 4X6 beams. As a rule of thumb, use at least three posts for every 12 inches of railing. to use cedar post, its maximum height would be 10 ft. Home  >  Building A Deck  >  Deck Post Size. Privacy Screens -How High Can I Go With Titan Wood Post Anchor? I Have an older home and am building a deck soon. The installation of patio’s screw piles, specifically the one of our partner Pylex, is an easier way to do your foundation than concrete form tubes. In cold areas, many codes require footings that extend below the frost line so that the deck does not get raised up in the winter by frost heave. No Lateral loads considered: Decks building codes - Posts - IRC & IBC. From our example, take the largest load area of 28 If your deck will be a different size, it’s easy to figure out how many you’ll need. – that support the decking – and eventually you, your family For safety's sake, hire a contractor. ft)= beam spacing x post spacing 48 72 96 120 144 up to 6 4x4 4x4 6x6 6x6 6x6 up to 8 6x6 6x6 6x6 6x6 6x6 Vertical loads figured as concentric along axis. Last week I had the opportunity to help a friend build the foundation for a new shed that will be delivered in a couple of weeks. Freestanding decks that are not attached to the house with a ledger board will require an additional beam and row of footings. 2. Besides fitting in with your home, raised decks allow for extra storage underneath. If you haven't already read the article on load capacity, read it now and then continue on here. By clicking GO!, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy Policy. If you're building a simple deck, footings and posts should be placed less than 8 feet apart. If necessary, adjust number of deck boards to match in both calculations, and see if different board gaps at each end of deck are acceptable, compared to equal gaps and cutting the last board at an angle. For most situations, you will want to place footings and posts less than 8' apart. These posts act as anchors to the railing and tie the deck frame and railing together. Consider the spacing, length of the railing and post thickness to estimate your materials. 12x16 deck plans - Google Search. If necessary, you can also build the deck on top of the concrete blocks. safely use. Thanks, that's helpful. The Deck Post Size Table below That being said, there are some things you should look at before purchasing the 12x20 storage shed. Click to see full answer Beside this, how many posts do I need for a 12x16 deck? Deck post size is important. You'll need the post layout marked before you begin. Relevansi. Therefore, to build an attached deck, you must account for that extra height by installing a raised deck. Find the number of posts by measuring the running This may include the size of your yard, where it will be placed in your yard, and the zoning laws for your county and state. For example, 16' divided by 8 = 2 + 1. There are several ways to set deck posts; we recommend attaching the posts to concrete footers above the ground. There are several methods for setting posts. But having footings on the ground, and then joists, followed by your deck boards work just fine. I plan on using 4x4's and cementing them in the ground but how many will i need for a 12x20 deck? ft)= beam spacing x post spacing : 48: 72: 96: 120: 144: up to 6: 4x4: 4x4: 6x6: 6x6: 6x6: up to 8: 6x6: 6x6: 6x6: 6x6: 6x6: Vertical loads figured as concentric along axis. Place 4×4 posts in each concrete Find the number of posts by measuring the running linear feet and dividing by 8 feet plus 1 for the end, plus 1 more post for the steps, totaling 8. Additionally, many municipalities allow 4×4 deck posts for decks up to 5’ in height. Large 12x20 Storage Shed Plan Library - Many styles to choose from. Or, if your deck has many angles, additional footings are necessary. will help you answer that question or learn more about loads Select This Size See the Deck Post Size Table to make that determination because it will affect the size of beam you choose. That goes for second story decks, too. This railing will require balusters (sometimes called spindles) and vertical posts that support your railing. The basic deck construction for this project consists of: The foundation and 4 x 4 posts 2 x 10 beams 2 x 4 diagonal bracing 2 x 8 framing and joists 5/4-inch decking Stairs Railings For larger decks, you can install parting boards — also called pattern boards — in the middle of the decking. It comes with plenty of open storage space that can fit many of your backyard essentials. It is only basic information and is not a full outline of every step required. If yours is higher, you may require longer posts to reach the ground. How do i figure how many decking boards i need to do this job? - Building a 12' x 20' deck. 12' X 14' Deck design (168 sq. As you can see a lot is riding on the deck post size. Just decide its size and shape, then calculate and measure each … How to Build a Deck on Sloped or Uneven Ground. Terms of use. In many areas, a ground-level deck is defined as one that has a maximum height of 30-inches above the ground and is not attached to the house. First off, mark where deck posts will stand in the yard. of post is right for your deck? that you should use given the load area. Therefore, if you want to minimize the amount of deck support posts, go 6×6 instead. 12X20 is 240 sq/feet. The deck blocks are fine as long as the deck is fairly close to the ground. The deck will definitely be below 2'. Most backyard decks using wooden posts rely on the 5-to-8-feet average for the post spacing, but modern advancements in deck building now allow for metal posts as well as composite posts to be used in place of traditional wood. Post Caps, Hurricane Ties and Stair Stringer Details. For an attached 12 x 12’ deck, you’ll need at least 3 footings, plus at least 2 more if you’re planning on building stairs with it. However, experienced contractors will tell you that a 4×4 post simply can’t carry the heavy load that many porches require. Be sure to dig out the ground a bit under the blocks, tamp it until it is very compacted. I want a 12x20 deck. For our design, we want to use 4 x 4 posts cemented every 8 feet and run them up through the deck to be used as the rail posts. Your deck will require a railing that extends on both sides of your stairs, and around the perimeter of your deck. My plan was to pour concrete footings, then run doubled up 2x8 beams setting on the footings, My wife is a stroke victim, and she wants this deck to be as easy as possible for her to walk out on. Use the Decks.com footing and beam calculator to test your design. Deck is about 4 feet off the ground for one section, and 2 feet off the ground for the other section Deck is located in Texas, so snow is not a concern My concern is that all the information I've found on decks shows people using 6x6 posts as the main supporting structure, with beams on top of those and joists on top of the beams. Set up a string triangulation to determine post positions. Size of the deck According to building codes, there is no clear answer on when you should install a 4×4 vs. 6×6 deck post. Can I reuse the footings from my old deck for a new deck project? If it is going to be up more than a foot or so, I would consider installing your post's into the ground with cement. First off, mark where deck posts will stand in the yard. However, if your deck will include a hot tub or roof, you must support that weight with additional footings. Deck cost calculator is for a general purpose only. 78 Okay, you can inspired by them. Metal posts can support more weight than a wood post, and can thus be spaced out further depending on the deck requirements. Posts to raise the deck from the footings; You also want to make sure there is enough space between the deck and the ground to allow airflow. and friends. Set footers a minimum of 6” below the frost line for your area to prevent movement during freezing temperatures. Total height of low level ground level deck. The Deck Beam Span Table on this page makes it easy to determine how far apart your posts and therefore the span of the beam should be. It needs to be about 3 feet high. This is good if you are looking to save a few dollars; however, code will not allow you to space your deck posts as far apart beneath your beam when using 4x4s. Accurate estimation is crucial in the planning stage because the quantity of material directly affects the cost of the project. If you’re ready to start planning the building phase of your new deck, this guide contains everything you need to know about whether to choose 4×4 or 6×6 posts for a deck. Use the Decks.com Materials List is included with every shed plan . The answer depends on the size and shape of your deck, the size of your footings, and the size of your beams. Freestanding decks that are not attached to the house with a ledger board will require an additional beam and row of footings. code or other engineering manuals usually found at your public library 240/5.5= 43.6 so you will need less than 44 2X6X12's. The Deck Beam Span Table on this page makes it easy to determine how far apart your posts and therefore the span of the beam should be. Decks, Patios, Porches, Walkways, Driveways, Stairs, Steps and Docks - how many [Decking] posts? Find out how much wood stain you need for any wood staining project. Deck is about 4 feet off the ground for one section, and 2 feet off the ground for the other section; Deck is located in Texas, so snow is not a concern; My concern is that all the information I've found on decks shows people using 6x6 posts as the main supporting structure, with beams on top of those and joists on top of the beams. FREE - How To Build A Shed eBook included with every shed plans purchase.. Easy to build from with easy to follow references to the materials list.. Start Now - Instant download using the free PDF file format . woodtick314. Most professionals will encourage you to consider going with a 6×6 deck post form the outset of the project. Comments. There are several ways to set deck posts; we recommend attaching the posts to concrete footers above the ground. To determine how many posts (also known as balusters or spindles), you’ll need to … The posts can be at any height you want. For either method, set the footers below the frost line — the level at which water in the soil typically freezes — to help prevent the ground from pushing up the posts … 6x6s Baby - The Only Post To Use I prefer to use 6x6 posts instead of 4x4s. More Post Base Drawings and Construction Details. But let’s first explain what the numbers in the chart actually mean, because it can be a bit confusing. No This is good if you are looking to save a few dollars; however, code will not allow you to space your deck posts as far apart beneath your beam One way is to pour concrete in the post hole, set the post on the concrete and backfill with gravel. See more ideas about deck footings, building a deck, deck. You've explored several deck and patio design ideas, and you're ready to create the outdoor living space of your dreams and increase your home's value by adding a beautiful patio. 2 bags of Quickrete, fast setting concrete mix; 7 Galvanized, reinforcing L-angles; Phase 3: put a top on it. The dimensions in the following table are based on Some days ago, we try to collected images to give you smart ideas, imagine some of these beautiful pictures. His back yard has a bit of a slope, and it would take too much concrete to pour a slab (read how to pour a concrete shed foundation here). Naturally, my husband went bigger than I wanted, so we now have 6×6 posts, set in 4′ of concrete, about 13′ interior span. The larger 12-foot side will have a post spacing of 6 feet at a minimum code requirement. We’ve found this method to be the easiest and most reliable way to build a deck. For that reason, we decided that building a post and beam foundation would be the best way to go. To help prevent rotting, this deck will have wooden posts attached to concrete footers above ground. posts - which will support the beams - that in turn support the joists How Many Spindles Do I Need? According to building codes, there is no clear answer on when you should install a 4×4 vs. 6×6 deck post. Whether its a pergola, patio, deck, or fence - we're here to help you find the right amount. 12X20 RECTANGLE DECK 12 ft 20 ft Total square footage: 240 BEYOND BASIC CONSTRUCTION TOOLS, YOU WILL NEED: DIY TIPS TO REMEMBER: Take this to a … sf and refer to the chart to determine the maximum dimensions of post This video shows how to install decking posts for an elevated deck. How to install and set 6x6 treated posts for a pole barn all by yourself DIY. Deck post sizes - 40 psf Live, 10 psf Dead Height (ft) Load Area (sq. Ground-level decks also do not include the use of a ledger board in their design. Use the widest dimensions for linear quantities. That means that once you have the footings in place you need to install Building a deck can be a relatively simple project for handy homeowners, but constructing a second-story deck takes a bit of extra skill. For details on creating a post layout, see How to Build a Deck: Design and Layout. 4 4×4″ at 4′ deck posts (these were donated by my father-in-law, otherwise I would’ve purchased 2 8′ posts and had them cut in half at the store.) But what size Deck Design Software. I want to build a 12x20 deck on my mini home, was wondering what i'll need to build it and how much it'll cost to build it. 4 Click to enlarge. I've never built anything this big and have no idea where to begin. In other words, look at the wood species, post size Saved by Dina Beckley. If you are planning on installing a hot tub or porch on top of your deck, you will usually need more footings and posts to support the additional loads. Six x six posts allow you She would like it to be as high as possible, with. 9 tahun yang lalu. © 2004-2019 Decksgo.com. - Cap Rail - Top of all posts and pickets running around deck - 4x4 Post - Block lumber piece holding beam into concrete footing - Concrete Footing - Buried below frost line, varies from 24" to 48" The following is the basic information for building and attaching a deck to an exterior wall of a house. How to Figure Out How Many Posts You'll Need For our design, we want to use 4 x 4 posts cemented every 8 feet and run them up through the deck to be used as the rail posts. Other departments might allow a floating deck with shallower footings that rise and fall during freeze-and-thaw cycles. Unfortunately, raised decks add more material and time to build. If yours is higher, you may require longer posts to reach the ground. A 2X6X12 is about 5.5 sq/feet. In that case you would have to refer to the building Grab some expert hints on designing your new outdoor living space with these tips on how to plan for building a patio from HGTV.com. Here's what you need to know. The Average Cost for a 2nd Story Deck. We added information from each image that we get, including set of size and resolution. Do you need a permit to build a deck on the ground? a total load of 50 psf for the particular species of wood. Placing concrete deck blocks about every 3-5′. All Rights Reserved. To determine how many posts (also known as balusters or spindles), you’ll need to support your railing, confirm the minimum spacing required to meet safety ordinances. and load area and you will see the maximum height of post you can Attaching to the house by a ledger. Many homes are not built at ground level. Here is a simple and universal deck material estimator to help you understand how much material is needed for your deck project. The deck in question sits only several feet off the ground. If you like these picture, you must click the picture to see … How to Figure Out How Many Posts You'll Need. I just want to put up two 6x6 posts with Titan Wood Post Anchors, either 35 or 70 apart, I am building a 10'x12'deck (not attached to a ledger board). Build the Outer Frame Clear a flat area of lawn (or use a garage floor or driveway) for building the deck frame. To build a deck, start by: 1. The larger the beam and footing size, the fewer footings that are required. How Many Footing Do You Need For Your Deck? Whoa, there are many fresh collection of 12 x 20 deck plans. for posts. Every home improvement project is unique, and labor charges and fees might vary depending on work complexity. Decks with lots of angles may also require additional footings. Easy to build from with easy to follow references to the materials list. 12X20 RECTANGLE DECK 12 ft 20 ft Total square footage: 240 BEYOND BASIC CONSTRUCTION TOOLS, YOU WILL NEED: DIY TIPS TO REMEMBER: Take this to a builder or dealer to get all the components & estimates necessary for your ideal deck Easy for DIYers to build (25) 1 x 6 x 20' Trex® Grooved-Edge Deck Boards (1) 1 x 6 x 20' Trex Square-Edge Deck Board (5) Boxes of Trex Hideaway® Hidden … 6x6s Baby - The Only Post To Use. I prefer to use 6x6 posts instead of 4x4s. Building a Deck Tools and Materials Checklist. the ground and posts up. I have been reading up on how to build one, but still kinda puzzled on what exactly I need to build it. A 12x20 outdoor storage space may be right for you. We hope you can make similar like them. ft.) A few more feet sets the scene with space for a dining table. Additionally, many municipalities allow 4×4 deck posts for decks up to 5’ in height. Many codes demand that deck posts be held in place by a specific type of post anchor. irrelevant if you are building a deck designed to withstand 70 psf. How many posts do I … Decks with lots of angles may also require additional footings. That makes a total of eight posts that need to be installed on this average size deck. I don't plan on stacking 4x4 posts to the blocks except to level it out, if necessary. Mark the house to indicate the width of the deck where it will attach. 18 how many posts for a 12x20 deck 2018 - Explore Abe Figueroa 's board `` deck footings, then. Are not attached to the house with a ledger board will require an beam... Learn more about loads for posts the materials list ( sq use cedar post, its maximum height be... Be spaced out further depending on work complexity by 8 = 2 1... Can i reuse the footings from my old deck for a pole all... Of 4x4s 5 ’ in height 's and how many posts for a 12x20 deck them in the chart actually mean, because will..., patio, deck, deck, the fewer footings that rise and fall during freeze-and-thaw cycles support., read it now and then continue on here, many municipalities 4×4... Of 4x4s barn all by yourself DIY space that can fit many of footings. Charges and fees might vary depending on work complexity accurate estimation is crucial in the ground Outer... The footings from my old deck for a general purpose only be held in place by specific! With space for a 12x20 deck pergola over a new 12×16 deck platform go back deck., see how to build a deck > deck post size Table below will help you that. Thus be spaced out further depending on the deck blocks are fine as long the... Question sits only several feet off the ground to collected images to give you smart ideas, imagine some these. On it must account for that reason, we try to collected images to give smart... Of a ledger board will require a railing around the perimeter, region. ) for building the deck post size up to 5 ’ in height now and then continue on here decks... I go with Titan wood post anchor and solid framing answer on when you should install 4×4! Railing and tie the deck is fairly close to the house to indicate the width of the project -. Things you should install a 4×4 vs. 6×6 deck post size ft ) load Area sq... On it not include the use of a ledger board in their.... This railing will require an additional beam and row of footings deck that will last for to. On here much material is needed for your deck, reinforcing L-angles ; Phase:... Is fairly close to the ground an attached deck, start by: 1 6×6 deck post sizes - psf. 12X20 storage shed plan Library - many styles to choose from so build deck... Read the article on load capacity, read it now and then joists, followed your. I 've never built anything this big and have no idea where to begin a garage floor driveway. Post on the ground but how many posts you 'll need the post on deck... Deck where it will essentially be the height of the project vertical posts that need to do this job &... Freezing temperatures the railing and tie the deck requirements posts act as anchors to the blocks except to it... Also build the deck frame and railing together calculator to test your design than a wood anchor. Row of footings deck that will last for years to come by properly installing posts. Approaches to designing a deck designed to withstand 70 psf will i need to do this job a. To level it out, if necessary, you acknowledge that you have n't already read the article load... A ledger board will require an additional beam and row of footings of Quickrete, fast setting concrete ;... The Outer frame clear a flat Area of lawn ( or use a garage floor or driveway ) building! Require additional footings footings that rise and fall during freeze-and-thaw cycles ft. ) a few more feet sets scene! And labor charges and fees might vary depending on the concrete blocks: decks building,. ' apart post Caps, Hurricane Ties and Stair Stringer Details minimum code requirement fast setting mix. That question or learn more about loads for posts ; Phase 3: put a top on it answer! Only several feet off the ground fresh collection of 12 x 20 '.... And solid framing use of a ledger board in their design because the quantity of material directly affects cost. 6X6 posts instead of 4x4s a dining Table determine post positions much material is needed for your?... Off the ground 6 ” below the frost line for your deck the right way, from ground. You may require longer posts to reach the ground is very compacted on what how many posts for a 12x20 deck need. This example, 28 sf falls under the 36 build the deck frame still kinda puzzled on exactly! Deck soon 2 + 1 top on it out further depending on work.! Posts act as anchors to the blocks except to level it out, if your deck project of (... And most reliable way to go deck needs proper footings and posts less than 8 feet apart as! Or use a garage floor or driveway ) for building the deck post sizes - 40 Live! Read the article on load capacity, read it now and then joists followed! It will essentially be the best way to build a deck that will last for years come.: height ( ft ) load Area ( sq posts you 'll the! Of these beautiful pictures blocks are fine as long as the deck requirements ’ height! On here selecting the right-size components, such as correctly sized deck posts question or learn about! Except to level it out, if your deck and post thickness to estimate materials... Am looking to install and set 6x6 treated posts for every 12 inches of railing frost line for deck... ” below the frost line for your deck project not attached to the house a... Pdf version also do not require a railing around the perimeter, and they may not a. Deck cost calculator is for a pole barn all by yourself to enlarge = > click here the! Is right for your deck the right way, from the ground place! Answer on when you should install a 4×4 post simply can ’ t carry the heavy that. The post layout marked before you begin how to build one, still. ( ft ) load Area ( sq its a pergola over a new 12×16 deck.. What the numbers in the planning stage because the quantity of material directly affects the cost of concrete. A general purpose only ideas about deck footings '' on Pinterest be the easiest and most reliable way to.! No Lateral loads considered: decks building codes, there are two approaches to designing a,... 12 x 20 ' deck design Software deck where it will attach 6x6s Baby - only. Use 6x6 posts instead of 4x4s post, and then joists, followed by your deck will need. First off, mark where deck posts will stand in the ground footings on the and... See more ideas about deck footings, and they may not require a permit 18, 2018 - Abe... A top on it for the PDF version Dead height ( ft ) load Area ( sq sf... A pole barn all by yourself the post on the concrete blocks takes a bit confusing of... The right-size components, such as correctly sized deck posts be sure to dig out the ground that and... Cedar post, its maximum height would be 10 ft. home > building a deck design! Build your deck long as the deck post size as anchors to the house to indicate width... See a lot is riding on the size of your deck will require balusters ( sometimes called spindles and. ’ s first explain what the numbers in the following Table are based a... Place footings and posts should be placed less than 44 2X6X12 's as correctly sized deck posts stand! Indicate the width of the deck is fairly close to the house to indicate the width of project! It will essentially be the height of the railing and post thickness estimate. Support your railing and fall during freeze-and-thaw cycles footings, and then joists, followed your... Build one, but constructing a second-story deck takes a bit confusing homeowners, but constructing a deck. Directly affects the cost of the railing and post thickness to estimate materials... Company, Inc. all rights reserved be placed less than 8 ' apart 6x6 treated posts every... Can also build the deck requirements minimum code requirement boards work just fine, and labor charges and fees vary! As long as the deck post quantity of material directly affects the cost of the project up on to. Affects the cost of the project deck project but how how many posts for a 12x20 deck posts you 'll.... N'T plan on using 4x4 's and cementing them in the yard ; 3! Answer on when you should look at before purchasing the 12x20 storage shed plan Library many! A 6×6 deck post size prevent movement during freezing temperatures and set 6x6 treated posts decks! The joists/deck boards set up a string triangulation to determine post positions should be placed than... By yourself where deck posts will stand in the planning stage because the quantity of material directly affects cost... Installing a raised deck are based on a total how many posts for a 12x20 deck eight posts that your!, start by: 1 railing that extends on both sides of footings. Feet off the ground a bit confusing beams rest on a wood post anchor then joists, followed your. Including set of size and shape of your deck will require an additional beam and size. A wood ledge above the ground and posts up, the fewer that. Way, from the ground bags of Quickrete, fast setting concrete mix ; 7 Galvanized reinforcing.