Cheerleading has resulted in one death per year, on average, from 1991 to 2015. The doctor, who treats numerous cheer-related injuries during the school year, thinks cheerleading’s semi-sport status means that there “may not be proper trainers on hand during practices.” Studies from the National Center for Catastrophic Sports, along with The University of North Carolina and Emerson Hospital in Massachusetts, say the percentages of injuries related to football are in the 90th percentile, while catastrophic injuries attributed to cheerleading are over 65 percent. Astonishingly, cheerleading at the college level was associated with Results: Twenty-seven of the injured cheerleaders were women. Cheerleading seems, well, so cheery, it's hard to associate it with skull fracture, paralysis and death. It is also important to have correct information and data specific to cheerleading … Background: Over 50% of all catastrophic injuries in women’s sport occur in cheerleading, but unlike other sports, no central tracking system exists. This is absolutely true; approximately 25,000 cheerleaders ended up in the emergency room in 2007, and the number does continually rise. If a girl twists an ankle, the only option is the emergency room. [1] Cheerleading accounts for fully two-thirds (66%) of all catastrophic injuries in female athletes. Cheerleading Statistics on Injuries and Safety The bulk of research that is out there discusses whether or not cheerleading is safe as well as how many injuries occur per year. [1] The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) estimates that cheerleading led to 16,000 emergency room visits in 2002 (the latest year for data). Most cheers now involve complicated choreography that includes tossing people into the air, back-flips, tall human pyramids, and other dramatic and risky acrobatic stunts. These moves require precision, timing and hours of practice with a skilled coach. Concussions and other closed-head injuries account for 4% to 6% of all cheerleading injuries, 5, 9, 11 and head and neck injuries account for approximately 15% of all cheerleading injuries seen in US emergency departments. Standards for coaching cheerleading are not yet uniform. Brenda Shields and Gary Smith published a study in Pediatrics that used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System to estimate the number of cheerleading-related injuries treated in emergency departments across the country. 2009. However, sometimes the headlines do not tell the entire story. In comparison, track and field had the next highest number of serious injuries with seven females injured. Never attempt risky moves without supervision and trained spotters. The Right First Aid for Sports Injuries Can Help You Heal Faster, Just 2% of Teens Meet Veggie Intake Recommendations, CDC Says, How to Prevent and Treat Wrestling Injuries, Everything You Need to Know About CrossFit Girl Workouts of the Day, Even Healthy Athletes May Binge and Purge. In addition, high school cheer is responsible for over 50% of catastrophic injuries … However, the vast majority of cheerleaders "ending up in the emergency room" are there for minor injuries. Not all the injuries were serious. The number of injuries treated rose from … Black History Month Printable Activities and Worksheets, How to Make Yourself Cry to Relieve Stress. Repeated blows to the head and body mean sustaining an injury is less of an if and more of a when. This is important to consider since cheerleading has gone from leading "yells" at games to a performance sport that often includes tumbling and stunts . Read our, Medically reviewed by Richard Fogoros, MD, Medically reviewed by Erin Pereira, PT, DPT, Safety Tips and Precautions for Cheerleading Teams, Gymnasts Can Suffer From Traumatic Injuries. This increase in risky cheerleading stunts makes cheerleading one of the most dangerous sports for women and girls. Elizabeth Quinn is an exercise physiologist, sports medicine writer, and fitness consultant for corporate wellness and rehabilitation clinics. in terms of overall injury rate.9 Despite the low injury rate, this study revealed that cheerleading had the second highest proportion of injuries resulting in time lost of at least 3 weeks. With the increasing popularity of this sport, the injury rate also continues to rise with an annual cheerleading related injury rate increase of 189% being shown from 2001 to 2012.2,3,5 The overall injury rate is relatively low compared to other sports, but the injuries tend to be more severe.8 … In that statement, the AAP’s Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness recommended that cheerleading be designated as a sport.The statement also provided some useful injury statistics and … What makes cheerleading particularly noted is the type of injuries cheerleaders suffer. 12% are dancers, and 62% of all cheerleaders are involved in a second sport. 27th Annual Report, Fall 1982–Spring 2009. There were 1.95 direct catastrophic injuries per year or 0.6 injuries per 100,000 participants. A 2018 study (p.31) by the National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research cited that 42 females suffered serious injuries during the course of the study. Cheerleading injury data is currently being collected. National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research. New statistics show cheerleading is the leading cause of catastrophic injuries leading to paralysis or death among high school and college-age girls. Currie DW, Fields SK, Patterson MJ, Comstock RD. Here are some ways to stay safe. [8] In 2005, 14-year-old Ashley Burns died when her spleen burst after landing wrong after a particularly high throw. a relative lack of data on injuries. It's well known that many people consider cheerleading to be one of the most dangerous sports for female athletes thanks to well publicized reports on cheerleading injury statistics. In some high schools and colleges, this may mean the coach is a former cheerleader or a parent, rather than a trained gymnastics instructor. 12% of all cheerleaders fall between the ages of 5 – 13. Serious Cheerleading Injuries On the Rise Due to Dangerous Stunts, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. The most common injuries are reported as being brought on due to performing pyramids; these include broken arms, elbow injuries, broken noses, knee injuries, sprained wrists and ankles, back and head injuries, and broken collarbones. Some experts, though, think cheerleading is more hazardous than football and other sports, especially when looking at very serious injuries. Cheerleading has grown exponentially compared to other female sports. In fact, according to the data, the number of serious and catastrophic head and neck injuries from failed acrobatic cheerleading stunts are increasing every year. In their study, the most commonly injured areas involve the ankle … Some of the most common cheerleading injuries are broken arms and busted lips. According to the book "Cheerleading and the Law: Risk Management Strategies," with all of the high flying involved in cheerleading, injuries can happen. At the collegiate level where cheerleading is co-ed, 50% participants are male. In … © 2006-2021 LoveToKnow, Corp., except where otherwise noted. Dr. Tanaka is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon who specializes in the treatment of sports medicine injuries. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Most injuries suffered in cheerleading are non-catastrophic injuries, or those that are not life-threatening or permanently life-altering. While cheerleaders can easily suffer common injuries like sprains and strains, a few widely publicized studies note that cheerleaders suffer more injuries resulting in death or paralysis than any other sport including football. Among female college athletes, cheerleading accounts for 66.7% of all catastrophic injuries. How Can a Sports Physical Exam Help Your Child? Also, cheerleading has been shown to have a disproportionately high rate of catastrophic injuries (over 50% of all catastrophic injuries in high 27th Annual Report, Fall 1982–Spring 2009. 1 As cheerleading Pediatrics. Most happen during pyramids. Conclusions: We are the first to report cheerleading injury rates based … Report cheerleading injury information at the. Overall injury rates for practices, pep rallies, athletic events, and cheerleading competitions were 1.0, 0.6, 0.6, and 1.4 injuries per 1000 athlete-exposures, respectively. While the overall injury rate for cheerleading is relatively low compared to other sports, the injuries in cheer tend to be more severe. Research from the journal Pediatrics recently revealed that competitive cheer injuries tend to be more serious than injuries sustained in other high school sports (like baseball, basketball, football, hockey, and soccer). Overall, the most commonly injured body sites were the head/face (38.5%), ankle (11.7%), All Rights Reserved. Many cheerleaders cheer at games over the weekend or in the evenings when primary care physicians are not open. A more accurate comparison could be made by looking at injuries occurring during a specific time period. However, it's important to not the study didn't account for the following: There is no doubt that there are risks in tossing girls up into the air and catching them. However, critics are quick to point out that statistics need to be considered within the wider context of the entire sport. [8] In 2005, 14-year-old Ashley Burns died when her spleen burst after landing wrong after a particularly high throw. There's little doubt that cheerleading carries an inherent risk. “Although injury rates are low, when injuries do occur in cheerleading they tend to be more severe than when injuries occur in other sports (i.e. The annual cheerleading injury rate almost doubled from 2001 to 2012. Cheerleading Sees the Most "Life Altering" Injuries of Any Sport A 2018 study (p.31) by the National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research cited that 42 females suffered serious injuries during the course of the study. But cheering accounts for two-thirds of catastrophic injuries … Objective: To obtain, describe, and compare cheerleading injury data and associated factors. Cheerleading injuries affect all … They found that 78% of the cheerleaders had suffered at least one injury during their careers, and those athletes had an average of 3.5 injuries throughout their careers. Making current information available and accessible to high school cheerleaders enables athletes and coaches to improve the prevention, recognition, and treatment of cheerleading related injuries. From 1982 to 2006, 45 major injuries occurred during high school cheerleading events, with two of those injuries … Consider the typical cheerleading stunt. Believe it or not, one study ranked cheerleading 16th on a list of sports with the highest number of injuries. Make sure the cheerleading coach is highly skilled in gymnastics or acrobatics safety training. Out of a huge number of what the researchers call “athletic exposures” (cheerleading practices, competitions, and actual cheering at games), 752 female cheerleader injuries occurred. Cheerleading has become a competitive sport, and the cheers have developed into highly acrobatic and gymnastic moves with a higher degree of risk and difficulty.Â. Why wasn't this page useful? The most famous and widely publicized report on the dangers of cheerleading had media outlets proclaiming in headlines that cheerleading was more dangerous than football. Cheerleading injuries in United States high schools. The study did not consider the fact that in many cases, cheerleading is a year round sport whereas football, basketball or soccer are not year round sports. Died when her spleen burst after landing wrong after a particularly high.... Injury rate almost doubled from 2001 to 2012 8 ] in 2005 14-year-old! Lovetoknow, Corp., except where otherwise noted can be more severe football! 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