stream 2 See, in chronological order, Browne (d. 1926), Literary History of Persia; Minorsky (d. 1966), Tadhkirat al-Muluk; Lockhart (d. 1975), Fall of the Safavi Dynasty. The Ottomans, a Sunni dynasty, considered the active recruitment of Turkmen tribes of Anatolia for the Safavid cause as a major threat. Qajar dynasty After ruling much of what is now Iran since 1501, the Safavid Empire was largely destroyed and occupied by invading Afghan tribes, who captured the imperial capital of Isfahan in 1722. The Safavid dynasty, which reigned from the late fifteenth to the eighteenth century, links medieval with modern Iran. Internal and External Factors Ushering the Decline of the Ottoman and Safavid Empires The Safavid Empire lost control as the country was overrun by Afghan tribes, according to Black (236). %PDF-1.5 Safavid Iran as a Tributary Empire Rudi Matthee Introduction The first decade of the twenty-first century saw a plethora of scholarly writings on the concept of empire and its historical manifestations. While the Ottoman Empire lasted until 1922, the Safavid Empire fell in 1747 The Decline of the Safavid Empire… 7��_-)�G2) �� ����ۇ�Hg���(�V��0 �Y��=}J� The Safavid Dynasty built a powerful empire in Persia. endobj Hotaki Invasion The Safavid Dynasty was invaded by the Hotaki Dynasty and was beaten, but later regained control. 2 0 obj To counter the rising Safavid power, in 1502, Start studying Global History - Chapter 10.5 (The Ottoman and Safavid Empires). The sultan moved his armies back and forth between European and Middle Eastern enemies for He halted the invasions by Ottoman Turks and Uzbek tribes from Turkistan. l�e([�b��Z������ � /E�a+3���RGw�|@�Z�ZF������c�j�֤��e�8��n�ͳ�ɠnA�n��Qά��� �%�T]֨���z�Pf��쀵���Ѕ� B�D"�� խE �N� Their religious… <> The Safavid dynasty (/ ˈ s æ f ə v ɪ d, ˈ s ɑː-/; Persian: دودمان صفوی ‎, romanized: Dudmâne Safavi, pronounced [d̪uːd̪ˈmɒːne sæfæˈviː]) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran from 1501 to 1736. endobj Nov 12, 1736. The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safavid order of Sufism, which was established in the city of Ardabil in the Iranian Azerbaijan region. Beginning in the 1400’s, The Ottomans built a huge empire in the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and North Africa. 2f. More problematic for the Safavids was the powerful Ottoman Empire. Many tensions Learn safavid dynasty with free interactive flashcards. In its heydays, Mughal India or Ottoman Empire attracted so many Persian scholars and litterateurs, virtually creating an intellectual drain in Safavid Persia. Safavid dynasty, ruling dynasty of Iran from 1501 to 1736, known especially for its architectural achievements and its establishment of Twelver Shi‘ism among various ethnic and linguistic groups throughout Iran as a major unifying factor. Key Words: Afshar tribe, Safavid … Mosques in the Islamic world relied on domes and Safavid domes were decorated in brightly colored floral patterns that resembled Persian carpets. Safavid Dynasty 1501-1736 (official end in 1760) Artistic • Detailed and brilliantly colored Persian miniatures in Tabriz and Isfahan • Persian painters were instrumental in the Mughal painting style • Silk textiles • Elaborate Persian carpets became a national industry with drafted by professional artists Safavid dynasty, the mutual relationship between Afshar and Safavid dynasty faded as all Ghezelbash's tribes. Two years later, subsequent invasions by the Ottoman Empire and 1 For a discussion of the trajectory of Safavid studies in greater detail, see Newman, Safavid Iran, esp. Safavids were Shiite Muslims and the Ottomans were Sunni Muslims. Choose from 80 different sets of safavid dynasty flashcards on Quizlet. ����*�5�@�rz�"}9K�:O��.18�c�@�У��V�^" �sY%�%�� ���OlKr. Published as the Revolution was becoming consolidated, Savory, Iran By “empire” I merely mean a notion of territorial sovereignty, which the Safavid dynasty may be said to have possessed for the first time with Ismaʿil's conquests. When Shah Ismail went on his conquest founding the initial territory for his empire, he didn’t have an army trained in the use of gunpowder weapons (muskets, cannons). The Safavid Empire was not a conquest state: Safavid conquest did not imply a change in the form of administration. Downfall of Safavid Empire During the 17th Centery the Safavid Empire … Safavid Empire Surroundings Physical Map Political Map It covered all of Iran, and parts of Turkey and Georgia Political History Government The Safavid dynasty was founded by Shah Esma’il/Isma'il. Isfahan, which became the Safavid capital in 1598, was known <>/Pattern<>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Nov 12, 1722. The Safavid Empire was bordered between two Gunpowder Empires, the Ottoman and Mughal Empire. Women in Safavid Empire: Recent evidence suggests otherwise: There was a struggle against these restrictions Some women openly refused to wear face covers while in public Women donned bright clothing in defiance @ court women played an important political role (indirectly) and were often deeply involved in political conspiracies The Decline of the Safavid Empire Like the Ottomans, Shah Abbas blinded or killed his most capable sons in order to keep power As a result, weak leaders led to a rapid decline of the Safavid Empire . Shah ‘Abbas I Great leader of Safavid Empire: Shah ‘Abbas the Great (r. 1587 –1629) Contemporaneous with Suleiman the Magnificent in the Ottoman Empire Lost Baghdad to the Ottomans Prompts modernization of Safavid military on the Ottoman model Adopts muskets, slave infantry (like the janissaries), professional standing army Expands territory further to the east The rise of the Pahlavis (1925 -79) The discovery of oil early in the twentieth century, and the British and American interest that came with it. The Ottoman and Safavid Empires (A Comparison). When the Safavids and the Ottomans fought at the Battle of Chaldiran, the <> The Safavids witnessed wide-ranging developments in politics, warfare, science, philosophy, religion, art and architecture. ottoman empire But how did this dynasty manage to produce the longest lasting and most glorious of Iran's Islamic-period eras? Safavid shift to militant Shi'ism, and second, the forcible conversion of Iran to messianic Twelver Shi'sm, enabling them to form a stable polity in the region. Safavid dynasty The Safavid Empire was established as the Mongol il-Khan government declined and the Safavids were victorious over the numerous Turkish tribes who had established independent fiefdoms in Persia (present-day northern Iran) during the 13th and 14th centuries. The Safavid Empire dates from the rule of Shah Ismail (ruled 1501-1524). Also, threats from the Ottomans and Russians added to the military threat from outside of the region. The dynasty began as a Sufi order but evolved into a major gunpowder empire. The Safavid culture was a mixture of Turkish and Persian. 4 0 obj Varying degrees of impact new gunpowder weapons had some impact in most parts of the inhabited world, but each place reacted He ruled from 1487-1524. ƒ�Öü¥ˆ¿Ê×­,wK_v ó9k®¡û\~½œÚŞšÚŞLm/絯ƨ:¯Ÿà3ÜÀ–Rliš.Ñà/ğE�èoêá1—›Á#ßsáIɦ-îÆ𤮺ããúæı#/NÏñ\7¦-ãƒ`>aó¢\ş€Ë?+�ççΨÿ(EÉ'ñqÓ%*^°¹Ø&Xùü[=:®Ë±`Œº†wùLïoTõZmE®§+‹|@sâ¸0êøüÇb¹»Q[2¼):è�ÚÂ"/ûÛ1N*5¹Õí°Êñ‘ÀÉy]Tƒª-LùIÑ´í~Ø׺rB+4”ߘjàGŒú«�ì c<8¯/*Œ‰1w’H´56b?ãnÖ¾�]×ù+ÉOR''LB'ŠbA)â«Ä÷?�. �P|�����.e�'��(Ŋp�e8��)\@Y�R; It also came to terms with the Tajik aristocracy, which included the established ulama. Rudi Matthee, “Was Safavid Iran an Empire?,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 53 (2010): 233 –65; Newman, Safavid Iran, 6, 8. @֌1j �� Safavid dynasty 4 Clashes with the Ottomans Monument of Shah Ismail in Baku, Azerbaijan. The Long Fall of the Safavid Dynasty: Moving beyond the Standard (pdf) Google book, Iran under the Safavids; Building Style: Safavid (images) "Safavid dynasty", Encyclopædia Iranica by Rudi Matthee; BBC Religions: Safavid Empire (1501-1722) Persian Rulers; The Safavids, 1502-1737 (art) The Art of the Safavids before 1600 Husayn saw the downfall of the Safavid Dynasty under his rule. In 1501, the Safavid Shahs declared independence when the Ottomans outlawed Shi'a Islam in their territory. Shah Abbas and his successors strongly supported the development of architecture and the arts. Islam also became a significant factor in providing a sense of shared literature and scholarship, shared devotional practices and shared historical past and identity. In the Mughal Empire, religious conflicts permeated the society, and so Akbar created a new Divine Faith. %���� Safavid Empire Made by: Megan Powell, Vicky Rodriguez, Keely Hoppmeyer, and Brennen Powell Safavid vs Other Empires Social: The Safavids gave women more rights while the Ottomans tried to remain more traditional Mughals began to take away women's freedoms such a making them veil 3 0 obj 1 0 obj ministrators spread throughout the empire and kept detailed records and sur-veys for decades, perhaps one of the reasons the Ottomans ultimately survived much longer than their Safavid counterparts.19 The Ottoman Empire was a system built for war (map 1). x��XKkI���(����b{C;����Ll'��l������iZ#���.k��T]��^=C�Kz�v~q���w���~L'���R*�e��%9+iu7����������ϟw�'j�i~��yZ���+i�C�o�����/N�zUkp��:��3T��.��a:�VDr&���#�2�q")M68�qB]K5�M{���g'͆0A�J��XfF��t���Za=�7���BQ��^��Q�'���or�z�z����c),yWV • In architecture, they commissioned mosques and palace complexes, restored major shrines, and contributed to sites of pilgrimage. Safavid empire - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Spain, the Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and the Mughal Empire but also included England, France, Tokugawa (Japan), Romanov Russia, and Ming/Manchu (Qing) China . Cultural traditions like poetry, history, drama, and fiction kept Persian identity strong. The story of the Safavids begins with Shaykh Safi-al-Din (d.1334), their founding figure. One important factor in the decline of the Safavid dynasty in 1135 AH was the lack of relationship between Ghezelbash's tribes and the Safavid dynasty. In all three the ruling dynasty was Islamic, the economic system was agrarian, … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Safavid court fell into civil strife, giving the Ottomans an opportunity to conquer Persian territory. Along with the Mughal Empire in India, they were two of the three “Gunpowder Empires.” Muslim traditions influenced both empires. Sandwiched between the Ottoman empire and the Mughal empire they often engaged in warfare. Shah Abbas I the Great is considered the greatest of the endobj Safavid Dynasty, the greatest representative of which was Shah Abbas who ruled from 1587 to 1629. Safavid, Mughal, and Ottoman Empires The three Islamic empires of the early modern period – the Mughal, the Safavid,andtheOttoman–sharedacommonTurko-Mongolianheritage. Shah ‘Abbas (r. 1587–1629) During the expansion of the empire, the Safavid regime closely resembled the Aqquyunlu and Timurid regimes that it supplanted. <>>> Safavid Empire • Textiles and carpets were made of luxury materials as furnishings for the court. The Safavid Empire Iran After the Safavid Empire • • • • Bandit chiefs and feudal lords plundered it at will, further weakening the Empire. 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